Category Archives: Year 2010 Issue 3

Methods of ecological and economic evaluation of technology

Methods of ecological and economic evaluation of technology Zygmunt KOWALSKI, Agnieszka MAKARA Please cited as: CHEMIK 2010, 64, 3, 158-167 A comprehensive assessment of the manufacturing process should mainly include the study of technological process, balance of flows of raw materials and auxiliary materials, apparatus and equipment, and the balance of generated and emitted wastes. An important stage of assessment is to identify the potential sources of wastes. Keywords: comprehensive assessment, the study of technological process, balance, identify of sources Read more: Read more

Exposure scenarios ? A descriptor system for describing applications.

Exposure scenarios ? A descriptor system for describing applications. Marcela TULIŃSKA-PALCZEWSKA, Andrzej KRZEŚLAK, Anna BAŃKOWSKA Please cited as: CHEMIK 2010, 64, 3, 175-189 Exposure scenarios are part of the process of chemical safety assessment. The process of chemical safety assessment can be carried out repeatedly. An exposure scenario is a set of conditions that describe how the production or use of the substance during its whole lifecycle, and how to control exposure of humans and environment, which the manufacturer or importer uses or...
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Strategies in industrial chemical waste management

Strategies in industrial chemical waste management Krzysztof CZARNOMSKI, Renata OSIECKA Please cited as: CHEMIK 2010, 64, 3, 154-157 The strategy of the European Union sets out a coordinated approach to issues related to the waste arising prevention whereby the policy on the prevention focus on reducing impact on the environment and shall be established a framework for specific national politics. Actions on waste prevention measures must be taken at all levels of administration. Keywords: UE strategy, coordinated approach, waste prewention, administration activities Read more: Read more

Industrial waste in the European Union ? new challenges

Industrial waste in the European Union ? new challenges Jerzy ZWOŹDZIAK, Barbara WALAWSKA, Barbara CICHY Please cited as: CHEMIK 2010, 64, 3, 148-153 Waste resulting from human activities have become a problem that residents in the immediate future of the world must deal with. Effects of measures aimed mainly at ensuring the needs of the consumer population of Earth are visible all around us in the form of increased production of pollutants. The importance of this issue is best illustrated so called ecological footprint,...
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The principles of project: Inorganic waste of chemical industry – technology foresight

The principles of project: Inorganic waste of chemical industry - technology foresight Barbara CICHY, Stanisław FOLEK Please cited as: CHEMIK 2010, 64, 3, 138-147 ?Technology Foresight?, a special procedure for predictive using different analysis methods, is widely used in developed countries. Consortium consisting of: Institute of Fertilizers Department of Inorganic Chemistry IICh in Gliwice, Institute of Environmental Protection and Progress & Business Foundation obtained grant from the European Regional Development Fund, to carry out, within the Innovative Economy Operational Program, the project ?Waste inorganic chemicals...
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Sodium and potassium water glasses ? present and new challenges

Sodium and potassium water glasses ? present and new challenges Longin OGŁAZA Please cited as: CHEMIK 2010, 64, 3, 133-136 Water glass is called an aqueous solutions of alkali silicates (lithium, sodium, potassium). Sodium and potassium water glass are applied in many industry branches. From an ecological point of view, there are harmless and therefore should be undertaken studies their properties to determine new applications and environmentally friendly manufacturing technology. Keywords: water glass, methods of production, technological changes, the structure investigations methods Read more: Read more