Application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to assess the environmental impact of biomass cultivation processes dedicated for energy purposes
Please cite as: CHEMIK 2012, 66, 11, 1190-1195
Environmental life cycle assessment (LCA ? Life Cycle Assessment) in Poland is still a relatively new method of estimating the environmental impact of production processes. The main objective of the analysis is effective management of various processes in order to minimize consumption of non-renewable raw materials, fuels and energy and also effective management of by-products and waste. Application of LCA allows also for estimation of greenhouse gas emissions in accordance with Directive 2009/28/EC of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. In this publication life cycle assessment as a method of assessing the environmental impact of biomass cultivation dedicated for energy purposes was presented. The range of analysis, key unit processes with material and energy inputs and waste and emissions generated
as well as the main impact categories allowing for interpretation of analysis results were defined.
Keywords: LCA? Life Cycle Assessment, biomass, energy crops, emissions