Genetically modified plants – from the laboratory to practical use in European agriculture. Part I

Genetically modified plants – from the laboratory to practical use in European agriculture. Part I

Please cite as: CHEMIK 2012, 66, 8, 843-855

Biotechnological techniques enable the breeder to combine a number of favourable properties of different organisms. A genetically modified plant contains gene or genes that have been modified by humans using genetic engineering. Since 1996 a constant expansion of the area of genetically modified crops is observed throughout the world, reaching 160 million has. in 2011. It is likely that in the future stacked events will dominate in new GM varieties, combining properties such as resistance to pests and tolerance to herbicides and adverse environmental conditions, as well as various quality properties. The European Union and other countries have implemented comprehensive legal regulations on matters related to GMO. The EU has one of the more restrictive legal systems on GMO. Those regulations ensure the protection of the environment, human and animal health, and proper information for the consumer. The regulations also stipulate detailed analysis of each GMO at every stage of the process of approval for the use of such organisms. Coexistence of different types of crops is aimed at providing European farmers and consumers with choice options. The EU law is the basis for the legal regulations on GMO applicable in Poland.

Keywords: genetically modified plants, transgenic plants, legislation on GMOs.

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