Detection and neutralization of soil contamination in the event of an emergency leakage of petroleumbased substances from a transmission pipeline

Andrzej PAPLIŃSKI*, Magdalena Piros – Faculty of Mechatronics and Aerospace, Military University of Technology in Warsaw, Poland
Please cite as: CHEMIK 2016, 70, 6, 326–335

An increasing role of hydrocarbon substances is a feature of contemporary civilizational processes. Hydrocarbon substances are becoming a very common raw material, used in an increasingly wide range of products; they are also a necessary energy source. Technologies using modified hydrocarbon structures allow for manufacture of lightweight products with a durability rivalling metal structures. Manufacturing and social needs promote increased mass transportation of hazardous substances, which is a substantial risk factor for public safety and natural environment. Mass transportation of substances like chlorine, ammonia and others constitutes significant risk; however, petroleum-based materials undoubtedly build-up the biggest volume of transported chemical substances. As demand increases, so does usage of pipelines to transport materials in liquid and gaseous states. Compared to transportation via road vehicles, where safety of transport by a tanker truck depends not only on technical condition of the vehicle but also on traffic and road conditions, taking the principle of limited confidence in respect to other road users into account, transmission via pipelines is a relatively safe mode of transportation. The entirety of the transmission pipeline is usually monitored and controlled to some degree. There is, however, a difference in risk of exposure resulting from damage to a tanker truck transporting a hazardous material versus risk of exposure resulting from a pipeline failure. Until the supply is’nt shut off, the amount of medium leaking is typically many times higher compared to the volume of a leak from a damaged tanker truck.

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